MARS CORRECT BASIC REPORT - SECTIONS 14.2 TO 14.3

Home Page + Blog Site Contents 10/5/2016 TV Interview Radio Interview Report Contents &Section Links MSL Ultraviolet MSL Yr 3 Fall Data MSL Year 3 Summer Data MSL Year 3 Spring Data MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Data MSL Yr 2 Fall Data MSL Yr 2 Summer Data MSL Weather Year 2 MSL Weather Year 1 Sol 370, 1160,1161, 1300&1301 pressure anomalies MSL Hi Air & Ground Temps MSL Low Temps Warm winter ground temps & life RUNNING WATER ON MARS Report Abstract to 1.2 Report Sec.2-2.1 Report Sec.2.2-2.4 Report 2.5-2.5.2 Report 2.5.3-2.7 Report 3-4.1.2 Report 5 to 6 Report 7-7.2.1 Report 8-9 Report 10-11 Report 12-12.2 Report 12.3-12.4 Report 13-14 Report 14.1 Report 14.2-14.3 Report 14.4-14.6.2 Report 15-18 Report Afterword Report 20 Annex Links Report figure links Diurnal air temp. variation Oxygen&Trees on Mars? Beagle 2 found Adiabatics Concession by Ashima Old MSL Weather 1 Old MSL Weather 2 High and low pressures normalized Soil 2% water MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground Relative humidity Mars sky color Tavis Sensor Suspicion Vailsala Sensor: Phoenix&MSL Mars Temps Fahrenheit Pathfinder pressures Wind Booms & Disinformation Ingersoll Debate Daylight-math-fix Curiosity Geology Early MSL Weather Reports Landing altitudes Mars Mission History & Sites Nuc on Mars? Aldrin's Phobos monolith Ashima/MIT GCM Critique NASA alters temp. data Viking pressure sensors failed Dust Storm Nonsense JPL Press Conference Critique 1 Navigating Mars Phobos Grunt Failure Moving sand & Mars winds Moving rock Data Fudge Fossil found on Mars? Organic Chem found on Mars MSL Sol 200 Anomaly Gil Levin & Labeled Release - Part 1 Levin & Labeled Release - Pt. 2 - Roswell Link 155-Mile high Mars Plume Brine on Mars Lights on Ceres Yr 1 Table 1 Spherical life on Mars? Full Report Contents Scale heights REMS flaws MSL Daylength &Temp Missing data bluback ExoMars crash Desai & EDL Sea at Utopia Planitia Mars Mars winter vs. summer temps Rebuttal of REMS Report Unrealistic Ground Low Temps Mt. Sharp pressures & scale height

Importance of Winter Ground Temperatures and Possible Life Spotted on MSL Sol 1185. This page was updated on 8/31/2016.

14.2 Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2.

       Just after the second winter solstice (Ls 90) at MSL on Mars ground temperatures recorded climbed to above freezing. No such temperatures were recorded anywhere near that time in MSL's Year 1. What was even weirder was that while ground temperature highs were record highs for that time of year, nighttime lows were record lows. We looked at whether the MSL was on a slope that might impact angle of incidence of solar rays and therefore temperature, much as was apparent with respect to times that Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) occurred in association with supposed running water on Mars. However, on the evening of 9 February 2016 we found an MSL position image at http://mars.nasa.gov/msl/mission/whereistherovernow/ which showed elevations and positions for many sols between Sol 1173 (Ls 72 which is late autumn at MSL) and Sol 1248 (Ls 106). We captured it by print screen and adapted it by addition of maximum and minimum ground temperatures. See Figure 53 below. Note that all temperatures above freezing occurred when MSL moved little for about 3 weeks in an area where there was a two meter change in elevation over a 10 meter distance. This is a 20% grade (an 11.3° slope).

       As of May 14 2016 it appears that the high air or ground temperature is above 0° C at Gale Crater on at least 411 days of the 669 sols in a Martian year. This number is based on at least one above freezing sol in either MSL Year 1 or 2 at the same Ls.  Surprisingly the number increased in early winter of MSL Year 2 on 16 sols between Ls 95 and 104 with above freezing ground temperatures  of +1, +1, +2, +1, +1, +1, +1, +1, +1, +2, +2, +2, +3, +1, +2 and +1 °C found where in Year 1 the ground temperatures on those days were -7, -6, -3, -6, -5, -9, -11, -8, -8, -13, -7, -7, -8, -8, -10 and -9° C. There were also five sols (1222, 1223, 1230, 1237 and 1244) at Ls 94, 98, 101 and 104 where the ground temperature in Year 2 was 0° C while in Year 1 it was only -10, -7 -5, -9 and -10° C. A quick summary for this 24-sol period each year is given on Table 15. A more extensive summary can be found below on Figures 53 and 54.

14.3 Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185.

On Sol 1185, and to a lesser degree on Sol 1189 and later there were items seen on Mars that look like life. See Figure 52). On Sol 1185 they were near what looked like either a geode split open, or possibly a cocoon of some sort. The green color was suggestive of something that might be photosynthetic. The shape would allow Martian winds to move these objects so they could reach nutrients. Moreover, while some cells (if they are there) would benefit from sunlight while facing the sun, those on the bottom would not - unless the sphere shape evolved to allow the bottom cells to reach the top. Is there something analogous in Earth-based botany? Yes. When the cross section of a leaf is examined under a microscope, chloroplasts in the Palisade layer move from top to bottom and back to the top again as the cytoplasm in the cells circulates. This ensures that all chloroplasts get a chance to move up to just under the epidermis so they can absorb more ultraviolet light from the sun and increase the rate at which photosynthesis occurs, Of course, in photosynthesis carbon dioxide and water combine to form sugar (glucose) and oxygen. The Martian atmosphere is supposed to be 95% carbon dioxide, running water is believed to be found in association with RSL in Gale crater, and JPL has announced evidence for brine found by MSL.

TABLE 15 - USUALLY WARM GROUND TEMPERATURES EARLY IN THE WINTER OF MSL YEAR 2

MSL YEAR

LS RANGE

SOL RANGE (24 sols)

AVERAGE DAY AIR TEMP HI ° C

AVERAGE NIGHT AIR TEMP LO    ° C

AVERAGE DROP IN AIR TEMP DAY TO NIGHT

AVERAGE DAY GROUND TEMP HI ° C

AVERAGE NIGHT GROUND TEMP LO ° C

AVERAGE DROP IN GROUND TEMP DAY TO NIGHT

1

93 TO 104

552 TO 575

-26.66667

-84.9583

-58.2916

-8.45833

-90.79167

-82.3233

2

93 TO 104

1,221 TO 1,244

-26.79167

-87.45833

-60.6666

+0.79167

-96.54167

-97.3333

Figure 51 - Adapted from http://www-k12.atmos.washington.edu/k12/mars/LOPS_Pathfinder_temperatures.cgi#plot3. Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder. The data from all 3 sensors on Pathfinder’s 1 meter mast are shown.

       While the initial look at the possible life was largely between sols 1185 and 1189, on Sol 1248 MSL returned to within 20 meters of  the site and it within less than 10 meters from the site on Sol 1249.  See Figure 53.

Figure 52 - The green spherical and cocoon-like objects were seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. As mentioned with Figure 53 below, MSL returned to the area again on Sol 1248, possibly for a further look or tests to see if this is life.

 

Figure 53 - Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. See Figure 52 to see the suspected life.

 

Figure 54 - Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter.