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Home Page + Blog Site Contents 10/5/2016 TV Interview Radio Interview Report Contents &Section Links MSL Ultraviolet MSL Yr 3 Fall Data MSL Year 3 Summer Data MSL Year 3 Spring Data MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Data MSL Yr 2 Fall Data MSL Yr 2 Summer Data MSL Weather Year 2 MSL Weather Year 1 Sol 370, 1160,1161, 1300&1301 pressure anomalies MSL Hi Air & Ground Temps MSL Low Temps Warm winter ground temps & life RUNNING WATER ON MARS Report Abstract to 1.2 Report Sec.2-2.1 Report Sec.2.2-2.4 Report 2.5-2.5.2 Report 2.5.3-2.7 Report 3-4.1.2 Report 5 to 6 Report 7-7.2.1 Report 8-9 Report 10-11 Report 12-12.2 Report 12.3-12.5 Report 12.6 Report 13-14 Report 14.1 Report 14.2-14.3 Report 14.4-14.6.2 Report 14.6.3-4 Report 15-19 Report Afterword Report 20 Annex Links Report figure links Diurnal air temp. variation Oxygen&Trees on Mars? Beagle 2 found Adiabatics Concession by Ashima Old MSL Weather 1 Old MSL Weather 2 High and low pressures normalized Soil 2% water MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground Relative humidity Mars sky color Tavis Sensor Suspicion Vailsala Sensor: Phoenix&MSL Mars Temps Fahrenheit Pathfinder pressures Wind Booms & Disinformation Ingersoll Debate Daylight-math-fix Curiosity Geology Early MSL Weather Reports Landing altitudes Mars Mission History & Sites Nuc on Mars? Aldrin's Phobos monolith Ashima/MIT GCM Critique NASA alters temp. data Viking pressure sensors failed Dust Storm Nonsense JPL Press Conference Critique 1 Navigating Mars Phobos Grunt Failure Moving sand & Mars winds Moving rock Data Fudge Fossil found on Mars? Organic Chem found on Mars MSL Sol 200 Anomaly Gil Levin & Labeled Release - Part 1 Levin & Labeled Release - Pt. 2 - Roswell Link 155-Mile high Mars Plume Brine on Mars Lights on Ceres Yr 1 Table 1 Spherical life on Mars? Full Report Contents Scale heights REMS flaws MSL Daylength &Temp Missing data ExoMars crash Desai & EDL Sea at Utopia Planitia Mars Mars winter vs. summer temps Rebuttal of REMS Report Unrealistic Ground Low Temps Mt. Sharp pressures & scale height

Updated 8/15/2017

Animated gif Mars spinning

 

Animated gif Mars spinnin

 

MAIN DOCUMENTS SUPPORTING OUR POSITION THAT ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA IS FLAWED: HOTTEST CURRENT FINDINGS

AUGUST 15, 2017: MARS CORRECT - CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

ABSTRACT: We present evidence that NASA is seriously understating Martian air pressure. Our 8-year study critiques 1,774 Sols (5 terrestrial years, over 2.65 Martian years) of highly problematic MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REM) weather data, and offers an in depth audit of over 8,311 hourly Viking 1 and 2 weather reports. We discuss analysis of technical papers, NASA documents, and personal interviews of transducer designers. We troubleshoot pressures based on radio occultation/spectroscopy, and the previously accepted small pressure ranges that could be measured by Viking 1 and 2 (18 mbar), Pathfinder and Phoenix (12 mbar), and MSL (11.5 mbar). For MSL there were several pressures published at or slightly above the advertised upper range of the pressure sensor (sols 370, 1,160, 1,161, and 1301) as well as the period between August 30 and September 5, 2012 when pressures initially published were from 737 mbar to 747 mbar – two orders of magnitude high – only to be retracted. We challenged them all and NASA revised them down, however 8 years into this audit it has come to our attention that of two pressure sensors ordered by NASA for Mars Pathfinder, one of them (Tavis Dash No. 1) could in fact measure up to 1,034 mbar; and for the MSL according to an Abstract to the American Geophysical Union for the Fall 2012 meeting , The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) states of their MSL (and Phoenix) Vaisala transducers, “The pressure device measurement range is 0 - 1025 hPa in temperature range of -45°C - 55°C, but its calibration is optimized for the Martian pressure range of 4 - 12 hPa..” So while we originally thought that of the five landers on Mars that had meteorological suites, none of them could measure Earth-like pressures, in fact, assuming that the higher pressure sensor Pathfinder Tavis Davis 1 (0-15 PSIA/1,034 mbar) was sent rather than Tavis Dash 1 (0-0.174 PSIA/12 mbar), three landers were actually equipped to get the job done, but the public was pretty much kept in the dark about it. Why they have done so is currently a matter of speculation that is beyond the basic thrust of this report, but we demonstrate that REMS weather data was regularly revised after they studied critiques in working versions of this report and on our websites at http://marscorrect.com and http://davidaroffman.com.

As for weather anomalies that support our contentions we note that Vikings and MSL showed consistent timing of daily pressure spikes. We link this to how gas pressure in a sealed container would vary with Absolute temperature, to heating by radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), and to dust clots at air access tubes and dust filters. Pathfinder, Phoenix and MSL wind measurement failures are disclosed. Phoenix and MSL pressure transducer design problems are highlighted with respect to confusion about dust filter location, and lack of information about nearby heat sources due to International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR). NASA could not replicate dust devils at 10 mbar. Rapidly filled MER Spirit tracks required wind speeds of 80 mph at the assumed low pressures. These winds were never recorded on Mars. Nor could NASA explain drifting Barchan sand dunes. Based on the above and dust devils on Arsia Mons to altitudes of 17 km above areoid (Martian equivalent of sea level), spiral storms with 10 km eye-walls above Arsia Mons, dust storm opacity, snow at Phoenix, excessive aero braking, liquid water running on the surface in numerous locations at Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) and stratus clouds 13 km above areoid, we argue for an average pressure at areoid of ~511 mbar rather than the accepted 6.1 mbar. This pressure grows to 1,050 mbar in the Hellas Basin.

MAY 12, 2017: PowerPoint entitled Mars is wet! This is the PowerPoint version of our Basic Report (Mars Correct – Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data).

 

JULY 21, 2017: Dr. Desai's Martian Atmosphere Model Challenge and Loss of the Schiaparelli Lander.

JUNE 23, 2017: Pressure Drops as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

MAY 7, 2017: Unrealistic MSL ground temperature lows. Temperatures are correlated with Curiosity positions between Sols 1635 and 1659. The tree stump-like object's position is noted.

APRIL 4, 2017: Rebuttal to the REMS Weather Report for Mars Year 33 Month 10.

FEBRUARY 19, 2017: New report sections 14.4 to 14.5 detail MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences, MSL Diurnal Temperature Variation.

FEBRUARY 10, 2017: Comparison of diurnal temperature changes for MSL summer (Year 2) with MSL winter (Year 2 to 3). 

FEBRUARY 2, 2017: We rexamine Dr. Prasun Desai's ask for help with Martian atmosphere models and look at the ExoMars 2016 crash.

DECEMBER 15, 2016: Frozen Sea at Utopia PLanitia, Mars

OCTOBER 20, 2016: ExoMars 2016 Attempted Landing on Mars fails.

OCTOBER 19, 2016: It looks like the joint European-Russian Space Agency ExoMars mission attained orbit but the Shiaparelli lander signal was lost during the landing sequence. Too bad.  The lander has a Dreams-P pressure sensor that apparently was supposed to measure pressures up to 50 hPa (millibars). That's still too low according to our math, but we looked forward to seeing some useful data soon.  Information on the weather package may be found at http://ssed.gsfc.nasa.gov/IPM/PDF/1035.pdf.

OCTOBER 15, 2016: KEVIN GALLAGHER INTERVIEWS BARRY ROFFMAN ON THE TOPIC OF MARS CORRECT RESEARCH.

 

APRIL 7, 2016: The REMS Team again publishes bizarre pressure spikes at MSL – including one on Sol 1301 above the capacity of the pressure sensor. Will they alter their data again now that we point it out? APRIL 11, 2016: The answer to the above question is yes. What we do here looks like meteorological prediction. But it’s really behavioral and political analysis.

Also see MSL Sol 370, 1160, 1161, 1300 and 1301 Pressure Anomalies. Note the prediction that we expect the REMS Team to publish an MSL Year 2 minimum pressure – likely 726 to 730 Pa – around Ls 150 on May 10, 2016.

MARCH 9, 2016: Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2. This page underwent major revisions on 2/22/2016 after the FMI/REMS Team/JPL read the issues we raised about low UV and then tossed out all low UV data. More and more REMS data seems to be a reaction to critiques on our Report and on this site rather than an illustration of actual conditions found on Mars.


FEBRUARY 16, 2016: Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them. We look at whether slope plays a role in the warm temperatures as is the case with Recurring Slope Lineae associated with running water on Mars.
  JANUARY 17, 2016: Possible spherical life spotted on Mars by MSL.

MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY DAILY WEATHER REPORTS

MARS SCIENCE LAB SOLS and  LINKS

SOLAR LONGITUDE (Ls) SEASONS
1-669  150 to 150
4 SEASONS
670 to 866 151 to 270
WINTER TO SUMMER YEAR 2
865 to 1,020  270 to 0 (360)
SUMMER YEAR 2
1,019 to 1,213  0 to 90
FALL YEAR 2
1,213 to 1,392  90 to 180
WINTER YEAR 2-3
1392 to 1,534 180 to 270
SPRING YEAR 3
1,534 to 1,687  270 to 0 (360) SUMMER YEAR 3
1,688 and onward 0 to 90 FALL YEAR 3
COMPARISONS BETWEEN MSL YEAR 1 AND MSL YEAR 2 DATA FOR THE SAME LS
Pressure and Ultraviolet Radiation    
High Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL  

Note 1: Ground temperature sensor is only accurate to 10K.

Note 2 dated February 5, 2016: There are unexpected ground temperatures at or above freezing for almost every sol for 3 weeks after the start of MSL Year 2’s winter.

Low Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL    
MSL Day Length and Temperatures    
Diurnal Air Temperature Variation aat MSL   New on August 1, 2016

 

 

SECTION LINK FOR THE BASIC REPORT OF MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

 SECTIONS

FULL NAME OF SECTION

Description of the Section

Basic Report 1

Mars Correct Basic Report Abstract and Section 1

Abstract, Introduction, and Martian Dust Devils

Report Sec.2-2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2 to 2.1

Overview of Instrumentation Problems

Report Sec.2.2-2.4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.2 to 2.4

Mars Pathfinder (MPF) and Phoenix Pressure Issues. Finnish Meteorological Institute Issues.

Report 2.5 to 2.6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.5 to 2.6

MSL Pressure Sensor Pegs Out at Sol 370, and the Viking Dust filter. Sols 1160 and 1161 have pressures greater than transducer capability to record.

Report 2.6.1-2.7

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.6 to 2.7

Viking Pressure Reports & Digitization, Consistent Daily Pressure Spikes, MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

Report 3-4.1.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 3 to 4.1.2

Caves & Spiral storms on Arsia Mons; Snow, Water Ice & Carbon Dioxide; Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure

Report 4.1.2 to 6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 4.1.2 to 6

Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure (continued), Radio Occultation and Spectroscopy.

PREDICTION MADE ON APRIL 29, 2016: At this rate JPL should claim a Year 2 minimum pressure of about 728 to 730 Pa around Ls 147 to 150 between MSL Sols 1332 and 1338.

Report 7-7.2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 7 to 7.2.1

Martian Wind Problems, Anemometers/Telltales, & Sand Movements

Report 8-9

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 8 to 9

Downrange Landings; Dust Opacity and Pressure

Report 10-11

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 10 to 11

Excessive Deceleration During Aerobraking Operations and Mars Pathfinder Issues

Report 12-12.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12 to 12.2

Potential Pressure on Mars, Methane, and Sky Color

Report 12.3-4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12.3 to 12.4

Recurring Slope Lineae, Prechlorates, and Running Water on Mars, High end of pressure on Mars

Report 13-14.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 13 to 14.1

Relative Humidity and Temperature Measurement Concerns, Ground temperature problems

Report 15 to 18

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 14.1 to 18

Conclusions, Recommendations, Acknowledgements, and Afterword – What difference could all this possibly make?

Report 19

Mars Correct Basic Report References

References

Annex Links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices

Report figure & table links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures and Tables In The Basic Report

Report figure & table links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures and Tables In The Basic Report

 SPECIFIC LIST OF SECTIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT WITH PAGE NUMBERS IN THE PDF

Note: A new PDF dated May 21, 2017 is here.

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              
Table of Contents iii
List of Illustrations iv
ABSTRACT 1
1. INTRODUCTION 1
   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils 2
     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect 2
     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties… 3
     1.1.3. Size and Shape
3
     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime 4
     1.1.5 Wind Speeds 4
     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions 4
     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds. 4
     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions 4
   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils
7
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS 8
   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law 10
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues 15
   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used? 18
   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI 19
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES? 25
    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370? 25
     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers. 26
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve? 32
   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking 36
      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization 36
     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins. 36
2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco 42
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS ON MARS 45
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS. 48
   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix -   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?. 48
4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure 48
4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure 48
5. RADIO OCCULTATION 60
5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.   65
6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER. 65
7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS 66
   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues 67
   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar 68
   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012) 69
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR? 74
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE 77
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS 78
   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) 79
   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) 79
11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES 80
12.  THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS 81
   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars? 82
   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure? 83
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars 86
     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found 87
     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water… 87
     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL 87
    12.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia 92
   12.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars 94
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY 98
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS 101
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems 103
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 109
    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185 109
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences 113
    14.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations 115
       14.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights? 117
   14.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues? 118
      14.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor. 122
      14.6.2 Personnel Issues. 122
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL 124
15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation. 126
16. CONCLUSIONS 129
17. RECOMMENDATIONS 135
18. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 135
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make?  137
      Note on January 20, 2017 143
20. REFERENCES 144

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 5
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 6
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 9
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 9
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 11
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 12
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 13
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 14
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 16
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 17
10C Three different Tavis transducers 18
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 19
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 20
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 21
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it. 22
13 Quality control Individuals test. 25
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 27
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 28
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 29
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 29
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 30
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 31
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 32
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 33
15B Real Mars Sky Color 33
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 38
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 38
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 38
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 38
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 39
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 39
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 39
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 39
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 40
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 40
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 40
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 40
17A REMS Team data confusion 43
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 43
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 44
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 46
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 49
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data. 50
22 Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 51
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 57
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 63
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 64
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 65
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 65
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 67
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 70
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 71
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 72
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 73
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 75
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 75
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 76
35 Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011. 77
36 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 78
37 VL1 pressure and opacity 78
38 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 79
39A Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 80
39B Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 81
40 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 82
41A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 83
41B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 84
42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 85
43A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 89
43B Location of RSL on Mars 90
43C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 90
43D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 90
43E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 91
43F Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars 93
44 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 97
45 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 98
46 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 99
47 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater. 100
48 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 102
49 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 103
50A MSL temperature sensor range 104
50B MSL ground temperature sensor 105
50C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 106
50D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 107
51 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 108
52 The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 110
53 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 111
54 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter. 112
55 Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL 113
56 Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL 114
57 Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3) 117
58 While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C. 118
59 JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL. 121
60A Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en. 123
60B Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016. 127
61 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 128
62 The true blue color of Mars 139

 TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar. 7
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 11
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 23-24
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 35
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 37
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 41
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 42
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 52
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 53
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 54
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 55
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 60
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 61
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 69
14 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 101
15 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 110
16 Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on Mars 116
17 MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temps for Sols 1634 to 1684 119
18A Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values). 124
18B REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 125

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A

VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 toA-59
ANNEX A Appendix 1

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 toA-34
Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B

VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
Appendix 4 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. B-21 to     B-26
Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C

VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E

Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf

E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F

Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G

Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13
 ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I

Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J

Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K

REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L

How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitude

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf

L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M

One Year of MSL Weather Reports

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf

M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864

 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf

N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf

O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf

P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392)

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf

Q-1 to Q-18
ANNEX R

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf

R-1 to R-37
ANNEX S

Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf

S-1 to S41
ANNEX T

Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf

T-1 to T-64
ANNEX U

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf

U-1 to U-28
ANNEX V

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf

V-1 to V-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8
8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data. O-11

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 U-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports. U-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols U-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. U-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. U-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth. U-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. U-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude U-28

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23
2 REMS report for Sol 1575. V-23
3 Figure 3 - The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted V-24
4 Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted V-25
5

Figure 5 - The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26
6 Figure 6 - Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650 V-27

 

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values U-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. U-3 toU-19
3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. U-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. U-24

 


 

 

Our Report is updated many times each year. The January 29, 2017 version is at the following link:

BASIC REPORT for MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

 

The link above is for the December 7, 2016 version of our report. Earlier versions of the report went under the titles of Martian Air Pressures Are far Higher Than NASA Asserts; Higher Than Advertised Martian Air Pressure and Mars Correct: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather with Emphasis on Pressure. This version includes a detailed analysis of 1,534 sols (over two Martian yea) of weather data for the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover.

       For a quick overview of the report, click PowerPoint version our Basic Report at MARS CORRECT? MARS IS WET! This was uploaded on May 12, 2017.

MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES (Updated 12/9/2016)

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

 

OTHER ARTICLES ON THE MARSCORRECT.COM WEBSITE

Short Name with Link

Full Name of Article

Description of the Article

Spherical life on Mars?

Cocoon and spherical, photosynthetic life seen by MSL?

Photos from MSL sols 1185, 1189 and 1203 might show lifeforms.

Mars Correct? Mars is Wet! PowerPoint Version of our Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA. Uploaded May 12, 2017.

MARS CORRECT: MARS IS WET!.

61-slide summary of 6+ year of research indicating that air pressure in Mars is about 84 times higher than NASA asserts. This show includes the September 28, 2015 NASA announcement of running water found at many places on Mars.

Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

Uploaded May 12, 2017

Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

152-page summary of 8 years of research indicating that air pressure in Mars is about 85 times higher than NASA asserts and discussing serious problems with all other Mars weather data. It includes new findings about running water on Mars.

Radio Interview of July 20, 2015.

July 20, 2015 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars. I was interviewed again about Mars on the the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.  

SEPTEMBER 29, 2015: RUNNING WATER FOUND AT MANY PLACES ON MARS

RUNNING WATER FOUND AT MANY PLACES ON MARS Running water is associated with recurring slope lineae (RSL) and perchlorates.

Radio Interview of April 30, 2013.

April 30, 2013 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars.

The link to a radio interview that I gave about Mars on April 30, 2013 is as follows: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/curtner-and-kerr/2013/05/01/barry-roffman-with-larry-taylor-mars-exposed

Annex Links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices 

Report figure & table links

 

 Mars Correct: Critique Of All Nasa Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures In The Basic Report

Concession by Ashima

Ashima Research Concedes to Roffman Critiques

Ashima Concession For Posting Incorrect Data For The First 268 Sols And The Roffman Response To It:

MSL Martian Weather Year 1

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports

Tables 1 & 2 summarize the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) data. Flaws will be discussed in conjunction with them. Table 1 shows the history of 682 sols of weather at MSL with emphasis on major changes (likely political in nature). 

 MSL Martian Weather Year 2 up to Sol 270

 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports

 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 670 and forward to Sol 866.

MSL Year 2 Summer Weather Data

MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 270 (summer) to Ls 0 (360).

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 865 to Sol 1020.

MSL Year 2 Autumn Weather Data

MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 0 (fall) to Ls 90.

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 1,019 onward.

Old MSL Weather 1

Orignal REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Record

REMS Team/JPL Give Us a Moving Target for Mars Weather Data.

Old MSL Weather 2

Original REMS Mars Science Laboratory Summer Weather Record

Original REMS MSL Summer Weather Record

Soil 2% water

Analysis of MSL Water in Soil Announcement

There is a lot of water just under the surface of Mars - maybe too much for the pressure accepted by NASA.

JPL fudges pressure curves

 

How JPL fudges pressure data to keep it on expected curve.

Close observation of original and revised MSL pressure data shows that JPL will not publish pressures more than 7 Pascals off the pressure expected curve.

MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground

MSL Temperature Change From 1.5 Meters AGL to the Ground

MSL Temperature change from .5 meters above the ground to the ground.

Relative humidity

Relative Humidity at Curiosity, Gale Crater, Mars

Are these numbers all wet? Statements about relative humidity do not jive with the record 

Mars sky color

Martian Sky Color Controversy

Disinformation about Martian sky color apparently started with an order by NASA Administrator Dr. James Fletcher when Viking 1 touched down.

Tavis Sensor Suspicion

Tavis Pressure Sensor Suspicions.

ANNEX G To MARS CORRECT: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results. Tavis CADS are found here.

Vaisala Sensor: Phoenix & MSL

Vaisala Sensors used on Phoenix & MSL

Issues raised by the Finnish Meteorological Institute show reasons to be concerned that pressures reported are false.

Pathfinder pressures

Pressures Measured by Mars Pathfinder

Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 

Wind Booms & Disinformation

MSL Curiosity Wind Booms and Disinformation

Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 

Ingersoll Debate

Data Debate with Professor Ingersoll of CalTech/JPL

Why there is "No Sale" on a NASA Mars expert's request that this study be terminated.

Daylight-math-fix

Mars Daylight Math: Roffman vs. NASA (REMS Team & Ashima)

How can we trust scientists who publish faulty data for so long even after we have pointed out obvious errors?

Curiosity Geology

Curiosity and Ancient Life on Mars

The red color of Mars points at least to a past with plenty of oxygen

Landing altitudes

Altitudes for Mars landers with weather instruments

The higher the landing site, the less the pressure.

Mars Mission History and Sites

 Mars Landing Sites

Attempted Martian landings and Martian weather data.

Nuc on Mars?

Was there a nuclear blast on Mars?

Disinformation requires a cause - something worth hiding from a public that might panic or have its values altered. Dr. Brandenberg's discovery may point to reason for a cover up. 

 

Aldrin's Phobos Monolith

Aldrin's claim of a monolith on Martian moon Phobos 

Seeing is not always believing when photos are involved. Does Aldrin know more than what these pictures show? 

 

Ashima/MIT GCM Critique

Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model Critique

The Mars General Circulation Model by Ashima/MIT is flawed as were the MSL Mars weather reports posted by Ashima. Research.

NASA alters temperature data

How NASA altered high temperatures for MSL

After NASA reported that temperatures were higher than expected at Gale Crater on Mars, they simply went back and dropped the temperatures reported.

MSL  Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 histories. MSL  Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 pressure changes by JPL and Ashima Research.

After the REMS Team posting a record high average pressure of 1149 Pa (11.49 mbar) for Sol 370, and having our team question it (MSL could not measure over 1150 Pa), REMS pulled it down and put up a likey bogus false pressure of 865 Pa (8.65 mbar). Ashima Research still shows the higher pressure. REMS repeated this behavior for Sols 1160 and 1161.

Viking pressure  sensors failed

Proof Viking Pressure Sensors Failed.

Evidence is presented to show that clogged dust filters on Vikings 1 and 2 kept the Tavis Pressure sensors from measuring ambient air pressure on Mars.

Dust Storm Nonsense

2012 Mars Dust Storm Nonsense

Analysis put out by JPL about a 2012 regional dust storm that never reached MSL or Opportunity was plainly unfounded utter nonsense.

JPL Press Conference Critique 1 

Critique of JPL Press Conference of 15 November 2012

JPL made several unwarranted assertions about dust devils seen at MSL during this conference. The wind data they quoted was later withdrawn by them due to a wind instrument on Boom 1 that broke on landing.  Navigating

Navigating Mars

Navigating Mars: Altitude and Longitude Issues

The rules for establishing altitude and longitude have both changed. This article will attempt to clarify the issues involved. Obviously altitudes will greatly affect pressures.

Phobos Grunt Failure

Phobos Grunt Failure, a Horrible Failure, But Not a Surprise.

The Russians failed to reach the Martian moon Phobos (again) with a mission launched in 2011. The final Russian failure analysis is reviewed, as is earlier speculation about Phobos.

Moving sand & Mars winds

Sand movement and Martian air pressure

Winds measured on Mars are insufficient to move sand dunes or fill in Rover tracks if we accepted NASA's low air pressure claims. That sand dunes do move on Mars is terrific proof that NASA is publishing false air pressure.

Moving rock

Mystery of a moving rock on Mars solved?

In January 2014 a rock seemed to move to get into the view of the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. Was it actually kicked up by an Opportunity wheel, or did something else occur?

Organic chemicals found by MSL at Gale Crater

MSL finds Methane and chlorobenzene at Gale Crater.

JPL press conference of December 16, 2014 and related data, mostly from the book Mars Up Close by Marc Kaufman.

 

Fossil found on Mars?

Does the Gillespie Lake rock outcrop point to past life on Mars?

 

Beagle 2 found

 

Oxygen and Trees on Mars?

 

155-mile high Mars Plume

Mysterious plumes above the surface of Mars have scientists stumped.

Clouds have been spotted up to 155 above Mars. The previous record was 60 miles up.

 

Oxygen and Trees on Mars

  While we believe that it's not as strong a case as that for higher than advertised Martian air pressure, there are reasons to question the accepted levels of oxygen on Mars.

G. Levin and Labeled Release

Part 1 - Gilbert Levin - the Man Who Found Life on Mars The only real opposition to Levin's claim to have found life at Viking 1 and Viking 2 landing sites (with his labeled release experiment) was based on the failure to finding organic chemicals. But that failure was flawed, and now we know there are organic chemicals on Mars.

Gil Levin and Leveled Release - Part 2

Part 2 - Gilbert Levin - the Man Who Found Life on Mars - Historical overview.
 

Brine on Mars

Why we believe that JPL did a poor job of laying out the case for brine at Gale Crater.  

Ultraviolet Radiation at MSL

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2.    
Photos and comments about the strange lights seen on Ceres. A look at the possible causes of strange lights coming from a crater on Ceres. Causes considered include ice, geysers, volcanoes, salt, aliens, and diamonds formed by asteroid impact. This updated article shows the lights in September, 2015 from an altitude of 915 miles.
Factors affecting UV levels at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars

 

UV varies from Very high down to low. Factors considered include solar longitude (Ls), distance from the sun, latitude, altitude (and air density) opacity, and error.
High temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. Comparison of high air and ground temperatures at MSL.  
Scale heights and Mars pressure transducer errors   Scale heights are key to solving the mystery of Mars.