SITE CONTENTS 3 DECEMBER 2017

 

MAIN DOCUMENTS SUPPORTING OUR POSITION THAT ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA IS FLAWED: HOTTEST CURRENT FINDINGS

DECEMBER 3, 2017: MARS CORRECT – CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

ABSTRACT: We present evidence that NASA is seriously understating Martian air pressure. Our 8-year study critiques 1,889 Sols (over 5 terrestrial years, 2.82 Martian years) of highly problematic MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) weather data, and offers an in depth audit of over 8,311 hourly Viking 1 and 2 weather reports. We discuss analysis of technical papers, NASA documents, and personal interviews of transducer designers. We troubleshoot pressures based on radio occultation/spectroscopy, and the previously accepted small pressure ranges that could be measured by Viking 1 and 2 (18 mbar), Pathfinder and Phoenix (12 mbar), and MSL (11.5 mbar – altered to 14 mbar in 2017). For MSL there were several pressures published at or slightly above the initial advertised upper range of the pressure sensor. Indeed, from August 30 to September 5, 2012 pressures initially published were from 737 mbar to 747 mbar – two orders of magnitude high – only to be retracted. We challenged them all and NASA revised them down, however 8 years into this audit it has come to our attention that of two pressure sensors ordered by NASA for Mars Pathfinder, one of them (Tavis Dash No. 1) could in fact measure up to 1,034 mbar. Further, for the MSL according to an Abstract to the American Geophysical Union for the Fall 2012 meeting, The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) states of their MSL (and Phoenix) Vaisala transducers, “The pressure device measurement range is 0 – 1025 hPa in temperature range of -45°C – 55°C, but its calibration is optimized for the Martian pressure range of 4 – 12 hPa..” So while we originally thought that of the five landers on Mars that had meteorological suites, none of them could measure Earth-like pressures, in fact, assuming that the higher pressure sensor Pathfinder Tavis Dash 1 (0-15 PSIA/1,034 mbar) was sent rather than Tavis Dash 2 (0-0.174 PSIA/12 mbar), three landers were actually equipped to get the job done, but the public was largely kept in the dark about it. All 19 low uv values were removed when we asked about them, although they eventually restored 12 of them. REMS always-sunny opacity reports were contradicted by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter photos. Why REMS Team data was so wrong is a matter of speculation beyond the basic thrust of this report, but we demonstrate that their weather data was regularly revised after they studied critiques in working versions of this report and on our websites at http://marscorrect.com and http://davidaroffman.com.

 

We note that Vikings and MSL showed consistent timing of daily pressure spikes which we link to how gas pressure in a sealed container would vary with Absolute temperature, to heating by radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), and to dust clots at air access tubes and dust filters. Pathfinder, Phoenix and MSL wind measurement failed. Phoenix and MSL pressure transducer design problems included confusion about dust filter location, and lack of information about nearby heat sources due to International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR). NASA Ames could not replicate dust devils at 10 mbar. Rapidly filled MER Spirit tracks required wind speeds of 80 mph at the assumed low pressures. These winds were never recorded on Mars. Nor could NASA explain drifting Barchan sand dunes. Based on the above and dust devils on Arsia Mons to altitudes of 17 km above areoid (Martian equivalent of sea level), spiral storms with 10 km eye-walls above Arsia Mons and similar storms above Olympus Mons (over 21 km high), dust storm opacity, snow at Phoenix, excessive aero braking, liquid water running on the surface in numerous locations at Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) and stratus clouds 13 km above areoid, we argue for an average pressure at areoid of ~511 mbar rather than the accepted 6.1 mbar. This pressure grows to 1,050 mbar in the Hellas Basin.
.
August 27, 2017: PowerPoint entitled Mars is wet! This is the PowerPoint version of our Basic Report (Mars Correct – Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data).

 

JULY 21, 2017: Dr. Desai’s Martian Atmosphere Model Challenge and Loss of the Schiaparelli Lander.JUNE 23, 2017: Pressure Drops as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.\MAY 7, 2017: Unrealistic MSL ground temperature lows. Temperatures are correlated with Curiosity positions between Sols 1635 and 1659. The tree stump-like object’s position is noted.APRIL 4, 2017: Rebuttal to the REMS Weather Report for Mars Year 33 Month 10.FEBRUARY 19, 2017: New report sections 14.4 to 14.5 detail MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences, MSL Diurnal Temperature Variation.FEBRUARY 10, 2017: Comparison of diurnal temperature changes for MSL summer (Year 2) with MSL winter (Year 2 to 3). FEBRUARY 2, 2017: We rexamine Dr. Prasun Desai’s ask for help with Martian atmosphere models and look at the ExoMars 2016 crash.DECEMBER 15, 2016: Frozen Sea at Utopia PLanitia, MarsOCTOBER 20, 2016: ExoMars 2016 Attempted Landing on Mars fails.OCTOBER 19, 2016: It looks like the joint European-Russian Space Agency ExoMars mission attained orbit but the Shiaparelli lander signal was lost during the landing sequence. Too bad.  The lander has a Dreams-P pressure sensor that apparently was supposed to measure pressures up to 50 hPa (millibars). That’s still too low according to our math, but we looked forward to seeing some useful data soon.  Information on the weather package may be found at http://ssed.gsfc.nasa.gov/IPM/PDF/1035.pdf.OCTOBER 15, 2016: KEVIN GALLAGHER INTERVIEWS BARRY ROFFMAN ON THE TOPIC OF MARS CORRECT RESEARCH. 

APRIL 7, 2016: The REMS Team again publishes bizarre pressure spikes at MSL – including one on Sol 1301 above the capacity of the pressure sensor. Will they alter their data again now that we point it out? APRIL 11, 2016: The answer to the above question is yes. What we do here looks like meteorological prediction. But it’s really behavioral and political analysis.

Also see MSL Sol 370, 1160, 1161, 1300 and 1301 Pressure Anomalies. Note the prediction that we expect the REMS Team to publish an MSL Year 2 minimum pressure – likely 726 to 730 Pa – around Ls 150 on May 10, 2016.

MARCH 9, 2016: Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2. This page underwent major revisions on 2/22/2016 after the FMI/REMS Team/JPL read the issues we raised about low UV and then tossed out all low UV data. More and more REMS data seems to be a reaction to critiques on our Report and on this site rather than an illustration of actual conditions found on Mars.

FEBRUARY 16, 2016: Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them. We look at whether slope plays a role in the warm temperatures as is the case with Recurring Slope Lineae associated with running water on Mars.
JANUARY 17, 2016: Possible spherical life spotted on Mars by MSL.

 

MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY DAILY WEATHER REPORTS
MARS SCIENCE LAB SOLS and  LINKS SOLAR LONGITUDE (Ls) SEASONS
1-669  150 to 150 4 SEASONS
670 to 866 151 to 270 WINTER TO SUMMER YEAR 2
865 to 1,020  270 to 0 (360) SUMMER YEAR 2
1,019 to 1,213  0 to 90 FALL YEAR 2
1,213 to 1,392  90 to 180 WINTER YEAR 2-3
1392 to 1,534 180 to 270 SPRING YEAR 3
1,534 to 1,687  270 to 0 (360) SUMMER YEAR 3
1,688 to 1881 0 to 90 FALL YEAR 3
COMPARISONS BETWEEN MSL YEAR 1 AND MSL YEAR 2 DATA FOR THE SAME LS
Pressure and Ultraviolet Radiation
High Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL Note 1: Ground temperature sensor is only accurate to 10K. Note 2 dated February 5, 2016: There are unexpected ground temperatures at or above freezing for almost every sol for 3 weeks after the start of MSL Year 2’s winter.
Low Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL
MSL Day Length and Temperatures
Diurnal Air Temperature Variation at MSL New on August 1, 2016

 

 

 

                            TABLE OF CONTENTS for 

MAR CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

                           (Updated August 28, 2017)

 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              
Table of Contents iii
ABSTRACT 1
1. INTRODUCTION 2
   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils 3
     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect 4
     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties 4
     1.1.3. Size and Shape
4
     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime 5
     1.1.5 Wind Speeds 5
     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions 5
     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds 5
     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions 5
   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils
8
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS 9
   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law 11
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues
16
   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used? 19
   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI 20
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES? 26
    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370? 26
     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers. 27
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?
33
   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking 37
      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization 37
     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins 38
2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco 43
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS. 46
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS. 48
   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix –   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter? 49
4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure 49
4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure 49
5. RADIO OCCULTATION 61
5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure 63
6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER. 66
7. MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS 67
   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues 68
   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar 69
   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012) 70
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR? 75
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE 78
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS 79
   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) 80
   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)
80
11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES 81
12. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS 82
   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars? 82
   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure 84
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars
87
     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found 88
     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water 88
     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL 88
    12.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia 93
   12.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars 95
   12.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions. 99
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY
108
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS 111
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems 113
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 119
    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185 119
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences. 123
    14.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations 126
       14.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights? 130
   14.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues? 130
      14.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor. 136
      14.6.2 Personnel Issues. 136
      14.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars. 138
      14.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors. 143
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL. 144
15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation. 146
16. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER 149
17. CONCLUSIONS 153
18. RECOMMENDATIONS 160
19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 161
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? 162
20. REFERENCES 169

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 5
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 6
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 10
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 10
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 12
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 15
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 15
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 15
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 17
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 18
10C Three different Tavis transducers 19
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 20
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 21
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 22
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it.  23
13 Quality control Individuals test. 26
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 28
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 29
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 31
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 32
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 33
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 34
15B Real Mars Sky Color 34
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 39
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 39
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 39
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 39
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 40
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 40
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 40
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 40
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 41
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 41
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 41
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 41
17A REMS Team data confusion 44
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 44
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 45
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 47
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 50
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data.  51
22 Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 52
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 58
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 64
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 65
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 66
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 66
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 68
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 71
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 72
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 73
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 74
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 76
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 76
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 77
35 Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011. 78
36 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 79
37 VL1 pressure and opacity 79
38 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 80
39A Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 81
39B Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 82
40 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 83
41A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 84
41B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 85
42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 86
43A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 90
43B Location of RSL on Mars 91
43C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 91
43D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 91
43E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 92
43F Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars 94
44 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 98
45 Gale Crater topographic map 101
46 Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site. 104
47 Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL 107
48 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 108
49 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 109
50 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater. 110
51 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 112
52 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 113
53A MSL temperature sensor range 114
53B MSL ground temperature sensor 115
53C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 116
53D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 117
54 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 118
55 The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 120
56 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 121
57 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter. 122
58 Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL 123
59 Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3) 123
60 Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL 125
61 While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C. 129
62 Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C. 129
63 MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team. 131
64A Figure 64A –   JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports. More temperature detail is found on Figure 63B. 132
64B  JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL. 133
65 Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en 137
66 Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion 139
67 The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C. 140
68

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

141
69 The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure) 142
70 REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar). 143
71 Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016. 147
72 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 148
68 The true blue color of Mars 165

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar.  8
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 12
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 24-25
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 36
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 38
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 42
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies                43
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 53
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 54
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 55
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 56
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 61
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 62
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 70
14 Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid) 93
15 Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19 100
16A Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km 102
16B Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km 103
17 Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report 105
18 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 111
19 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 120
20 Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars 127-128
21 MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684 134-135
22 Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values). 144
23 REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 145
24 Predicted and actual times of major events in Schiaparelli EDL 151

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock. http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-2 toA-59
ANNEX A Appendix 1 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 toA-34
Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGEShttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
 Appendix 4  VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. B-21 to     B-26
Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGEhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F Percent Difference Experimental Summaryhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Resultshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf G-1 to G-13
 ANNEX H Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experimenthttp://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSLhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitudehttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf Q-1 to Q-18
ANNEX R Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf R-1 to R-37
ANNEX S Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf S-1 to S41
ANNEX T Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf T-1 to T-64
ANNEX U Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf U-1 to U-28
ANNEX V Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf V-1 to V-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8 
8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.    O-11

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 U-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports.  U-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols  U-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. U-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. U-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.  U-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. U-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude U-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23
2 REMS report for Sol 1575. V-23
3 Figure 3 – The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted V-24
4 Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted V-25
5

Figure 5 – The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26
6 Figure 6 – Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650 V-27

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values U-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. U-3 toU-19
3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. U-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. U-24

 

OTHER ARTICLES ON THE MARSCORRECT.COM WEBSITE
Short Name with Link Full Name of Article Description of the Article
Spherical life on Mars? Cocoon and spherical, photosynthetic life seen by MSL? Photos from MSL sols 1185, 1189 and 1203 might show life forms.
Radio Interview of July 20, 2015. July 20, 2015 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars. I was interviewed again about Mars on the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.  
SEPTEMBER 29, 2015: RUNNING WATER FOUND AT MANY PLACES ON MARS RUNNING WATER FOUND AT MANY PLACES ON MARS Running water is associated with recurring slope lineae (RSL) and perchlorates.
Radio Interview of April 30, 2013. April 30, 2013 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars. The link to a radio interview that I gave about Mars on April 30, 2013 is as follows: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/curtner-and-kerr/2013/05/01/barry-roffman-with-larry-taylor-mars-exposed
Annex Links   Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices 
Report figure & table links    Mars Correct: Critique Of All Nasa Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures In The Basic Report
Concession by Ashima Ashima Research Concedes to Roffman Critiques Ashima Concession For Posting Incorrect Data For The First 268 Sols And The Roffman Response To It:
MSL Martian Weather Year 1 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports Tables 1 & 2 summarize the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) data. Flaws will be discussed in conjunction with them. Table 1 shows the history of 682 sols of weather at MSL with emphasis on major changes (likely political in nature). 
MSL Martian Weather Year 2 up to Sol 270
 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports  REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 670 and forward to Sol 866.
MSL Year 2 Summer Weather Data MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 270 (summer) to Ls 0 (360). REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 865 to Sol 1020.
MSL Year 2 Autumn Weather Data MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 0 (fall) to Ls 90. REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 1,019 onward.
Old MSL Weather 1 Orignal REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Record REMS Team/JPL Give Us a Moving Target for Mars Weather Data.
Old MSL Weather 2 Original REMS Mars Science Laboratory Summer Weather Record Original REMS MSL Summer Weather Record
Soil 2% water Analysis of MSL Water in Soil Announcement There is a lot of water just under the surface of Mars – maybe too much for the pressure accepted by NASA.
JPL fudges pressure curves  How JPL fudges pressure data to keep it on expected curve. Close observation of original and revised MSL pressure data shows that JPL will not publish pressures more than 7 Pascals off the pressure expected curve.
MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground MSL Temperature Change From 1.5 Meters AGL to the Ground MSL Temperature change from .5 meters above the ground to the ground.
Relative humidity Relative Humidity at Curiosity, Gale Crater, Mars Are these numbers all wet? Statements about relative humidity do not jive with the record 
Mars sky color Martian Sky Color Controversy Disinformation about Martian sky color apparently started with an order by NASA Administrator Dr. James Fletcher when Viking 1 touched down.
Tavis Sensor Suspicion Tavis Pressure Sensor Suspicions. ANNEX G To MARS CORRECT: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results. Tavis CADS are found here.
Vaisala Sensor: Phoenix & MSL Vaisala Sensors used on Phoenix & MSL Issues raised by the Finnish Meteorological Institute show reasons to be concerned that pressures reported are false.
Pathfinder pressures Pressures Measured by Mars Pathfinder Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 
Wind Booms & Disinformation MSL Curiosity Wind Booms and Disinformation Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 
Ingersoll Debate Data Debate with Professor Ingersoll of CalTech/JPL Why there is “No Sale” on a NASA Mars expert’s request that this study be terminated.
Daylight-math-fix Mars Daylight Math: Roffman vs. NASA (REMS Team & Ashima) How can we trust scientists who publish faulty data for so long even after we have pointed out obvious errors?
Curiosity Geology Curiosity and Ancient Life on Mars The red color of Mars points at least to a past with plenty of oxygen
Landing altitudes Altitudes for Mars landers with weather instruments The higher the landing site, the less the pressure.
Mars Mission History and Sites  Mars Landing Sites Attempted Martian landings and Martian weather data.
Nuc on Mars? Was there a nuclear blast on Mars? Disinformation requires a cause – something worth hiding from a public that might panic or have its values altered. Dr. Brandenberg’s discovery may point to reason for a cover up.  
Aldrin’s Phobos Monolith Aldrin’s claim of a monolith on Martian moon Phobos  Seeing is not always believing when photos are involved. Does Aldrin know more than what these pictures show?  
Ashima/MIT GCM Critique Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model Critique The Mars General Circulation Model by Ashima/MIT is flawed as were the MSL Mars weather reports posted by Ashima. Research.
NASA alters temperature data How NASA altered high temperatures for MSL After NASA reported that temperatures were higher than expected at Gale Crater on Mars, they simply went back and dropped the temperatures reported.
MSL  Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 histories. MSL  Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 pressure changes by JPL and Ashima Research. After the REMS Team posting a record high average pressure of 1149 Pa (11.49 mbar) for Sol 370, and having our team question it (MSL could not measure over 1150 Pa), REMS pulled it down and put up a likey bogus false pressure of 865 Pa (8.65 mbar). Ashima Research still shows the higher pressure. REMS repeated this behavior for Sols 1160 and 1161.
Viking pressure  sensors failed Proof Viking Pressure Sensors Failed. Evidence is presented to show that clogged dust filters on Vikings 1 and 2 kept the Tavis Pressure sensors from measuring ambient air pressure on Mars.
Dust Storm Nonsense 2012 Mars Dust Storm Nonsense Analysis put out by JPL about a 2012 regional dust storm that never reached MSL or Opportunity was plainly unfounded utter nonsense.
JPL Press Conference Critique 1  Critique of JPL Press Conference of 15 November 2012 JPL made several unwarranted assertions about dust devils seen at MSL during this conference. The wind data they quoted was later withdrawn by them due to a wind instrument on Boom 1 that broke on landing.  Navigating
Navigating Mars Navigating Mars: Altitude and Longitude Issues The rules for establishing altitude and longitude have both changed. This article will attempt to clarify the issues involved. Obviously altitudes will greatly affect pressures.
Phobos Grunt Failure Phobos Grunt Failure, a Horrible Failure, But Not a Surprise. The Russians failed to reach the Martian moon Phobos (again) with a mission launched in 2011. The final Russian failure analysis is reviewed, as is earlier speculation about Phobos.
Moving sand & Mars winds Sand movement and Martian air pressure Winds measured on Mars are insufficient to move sand dunes or fill in Rover tracks if we accepted NASA’s low air pressure claims. That sand dunes do move on Mars is terrific proof that NASA is publishing false air pressure.
Moving rock Mystery of a moving rock on Mars solved? In January 2014 a rock seemed to move to get into the view of the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. Was it actually kicked up by an Opportunity wheel, or did something else occur?
Organic chemicals found by MSL at Gale Crater MSL finds Methane and chlorobenzene at Gale Crater. JPL press conference of December 16, 2014 and related data, mostly from the book Mars Up Close by Marc Kaufman.
 Fossil found on Mars? Does the Gillespie Lake rock outcrop point to past life on Mars?  
Beagle 2 found  Oxygen and Trees on Mars?  
155-mile high Mars Plume Mysterious plumes above the surface of Mars have scientists stumped. Clouds have been spotted up to 155 above Mars. The previous record was 60 miles up.
 Oxygen and Trees on Mars   While we believe that it’s not as strong a case as that for higher than advertised Martian air pressure, there are reasons to question the accepted levels of oxygen on Mars.
G. Levin and Labeled Release Part 1 – Gilbert Levin – the Man Who Found Life on Mars The only real opposition to Levin’s claim to have found life at Viking 1 and Viking 2 landing sites (with his labeled release experiment) was based on the failure to finding organic chemicals. But that failure was flawed, and now we know there are organic chemicals on Mars.
Gil Levin and Leveled Release – Part 2 Part 2 – Gilbert Levin – the Man Who Found Life on Mars – Historical overview.  
Brine on Mars Why we believe that JPL did a poor job of laying out the case for brine at Gale Crater.  
Ultraviolet Radiation at MSL Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2.    
Photos and comments about the strange lights seen on Ceres. A look at the possible causes of strange lights coming from a crater on Ceres. Causes considered include ice, geysers, volcanoes, salt, aliens, and diamonds formed by asteroid impact. This updated article shows the lights in September, 2015 from an altitude of 915 miles.
Factors affecting UV levels at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars
 
UV varies from Very high down to low. Factors considered include solar longitude (Ls), distance from the sun, latitude, altitude (and air density) opacity, and error.
High temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. Comparison of high air and ground temperatures at MSL.  

 

Night Shadows with Stewart Best and Larry Taylor 7/26/2017 Stewart and Larry follow up previous shows and ask me about why NASA is covering up the truth about Mars. They also ask me about what I know about time travel.
TV INTERVIEW. Time Out With Kevin Gallagher 7/12/2017 Kevin does the best TV interview of me ever – this time an hour show about the Torah Code.
Time Out With Kevin Gallagher 10/16 2016: Kevin Gallagher does a TV interview of me on the topic of my Mars Correct research.
Night Shadows with Stewart Best 5/8/2016 NEW RADIO SHOW: I was interviewed by Stewart Best and Larry Taylor on their NIGHT SHADOWS show. I discuss General MilleyNight Shadows with Stewart Best, Roswell, and Government disinformation about Mars. I also explain the Bible/Torah Code and time travel.
The John Moore Radio Show 7/27/2015 I was interviewed again about Mars for about 20 minutes again today. This was followed by on hour devoted to the Torah Code. The interviewers were John Moore and Tim Spencer. The interview starts about 5 minutes 35 seconds into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/intent/july-27-2015/76. After the interview I answered questions from the listeners about the Torah Code.
The John Moore Radio show 7/20/2015 I was interviewed again about Mars on the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.
The Curtner and Kerr Radio Show. 9/17/2014 Two hour radio interview. The first 49 minutes are about the Torah Code. Then I go into what I found about Mars. A co-guest is Tom Mack. He has a Christian-oriented codes site here.
The Curtner and Kerr Radio Show. 4/30/2013 This 90-minute radio show with Larry Taylor as a co-guest deals with Mars research conducted by my son and I. Larry maintains a web site here.
Ed Middleton’s Night Search Radio 6/24/2012 Topics I covered on the 1 hour show include the location of the Ark of the Covenant, Planet X (which I discredited), UFO Disclosure and the Alien threat.
TV show: Bible Code II – Apocalypse and Beyond First broadcast in April 2004. This show is often rebroadcast, especially around Christmas and Passover or Easter. On this 1 hour History Channel TV Show I am one of several speakers about the Torah Code. I discuss the difference between the Code and what Nostradamus wrote, three possible sources of the Code, the location of the Ark of the Covenant, and possible military uses of the Code.
Scale heights and Mars pressure transducer errors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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