May 25, 2016 Report Contents

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS WITH SECTION LINKS AS APPROPRIATE                           
Table of Contents………………………………………………………….. iii
List of Illustrations……………………………………………………………………….. iv
LINK TO ABSTRACT TO SECTION 1.2
ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………… 1
1. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………….. 1
   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils……………..……………………… 2
     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect……… 2
     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties………………….………………  3
     1.1.3. Size and Shape ………………………………………………………………………….. 3
     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime……………………………………………….. 4
     1.1.5 Wind Speeds…………………………………………………………………………….. 4
     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions………………………………………………………… 4
     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds. 4
     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions………………………………………………………………  4
   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils …………………………… 7
LINK TO SECTIONS 2 TO 2.1
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS…………………. 8
   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law…………………………………………………………. 10
LINK TO SECTIONS 2.2 TO 2.4
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues…………………………………………. 15
   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?………………………………………………… 18
   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI 19
LINK TO SECTIONS 2.5 TO 2.5.2
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?……………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370? 25
     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers. 26
LINK TO SECTIONS 2.5.3 TO 2.7
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?  32
   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking………………………………………………………….. 36
      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization………………………………… 36
     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins. 36
2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco 42
LINK TO SECTIONS 3 TO 4.1.2
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS ON MARS……….. 45
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS. 48
   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix –   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?…………………………………………………………… 48
4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure……………………………………………………… 48
LINK TO SECTIONS 4.1.2 (CONTINUED) TO 6
4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure………………………………………………………………….. 48
5. RADIO OCCULTATION……………………………………………………………. 60
5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.   65
6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER.. 65
LINK TO SECTIONS 7 TO 7.2.1
7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS……………………………………………………………………… 66
   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues………………………………………………… 67
   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar 68
   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012) 69
LINK TO SECTIONS 8 TO 9
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?……….. 74
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE………………………………………………………………. 77
LINK TO SECTIONS 10 TO 11
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS 78
   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)…………………………………………………………… 79
   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)……………………………………………  79
11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES 80
LINK TO SECTIONS 12 TO 12.2
12.  THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS……………………………………… 81
   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars? 82
   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure………………….. 83
LINK TO SECTIONS 12.3 TO 12.4
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars………….. 86
     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found……………………………………………….. 87
     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water…………………. 87
     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL………………………………………………………… 87
   12.4 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars………………………………………………… 92
LINK TO SECTIONS 13 TO 14
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY……………………………………………..……………….. 95
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS…………………………… 98
LINK TO SECTIONS 14.1 TO 14.3
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems………………………………………………… 100
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 102
    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185. 104
LINK TO SECTIONS 15 TO 19
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL. 108
15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation. 109
16. CONCLUSIONS………………………………………………………………………. 112
17. RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………………………………………………………….. 117
18. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………………………… 117
19. AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? ……………… 118
LINK TO SECTION 20
20. REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 123

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 5
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 6
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 9
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 9
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 11
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 12
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 13
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 14
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 16
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 17
10C Three different Tavis transducers 18
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 19
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 20
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 21
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it.  22
13 Quality control Individuals test. 25
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 27
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 28
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 29
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 29
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 30
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 31
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 32
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 33
15B Real Mars Sky Color 33
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 38
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 38
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 38
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 38
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 39
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 39
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 39
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 39
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 40
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 40
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 40
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 40
17A REMS Team data confusion 43
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 43
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 44
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 46
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 49
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data.  50
22 Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 51
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 57
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 63
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 64
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 65
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 65
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 67
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 70
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 71
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 72
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 73
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 75
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 75
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 76
35 Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011. 77
36 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 78
37 VL1 pressure and opacity 78
38 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 79
39A Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 80
39B Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 81
40 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 82
41A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 83
41B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 84
42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 85
43A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 89
43B Location of RSL on Mars 90
43C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 90
43D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 90
43E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 91
44 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 94
45 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 95
46 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 96
47 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater. 97
48 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 99
49 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 100
50A MSL temperature sensor range 101
50B MSL ground temperature sensor 102
50C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2 Martian years. 103
50D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2 Martian years. 104
51 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 105
52 The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 107
53 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 108
54 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter. 109
55 Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. 112
56 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 113

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar.  7
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 11
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 23-24
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 35
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 37
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 41
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies                42
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 52
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 53
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 54
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 55
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 60
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 61
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 69
14 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 98
15 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 107
16A Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values 110
16B REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 110

 

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
 

Appendix 4

 

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

 

B-21 to     B-26

Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13
 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitude

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf

L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Winter until the End of MSL Year 2 (Ls 90 to Ls 150, Sols 1,213 to 1,338) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf Q-1 to Q-14
ANNEX R Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R.pdf

R-1 to R-28
ANNEX S Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf

S-1 to S41
ANNEX T Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf

T-1 to T-64

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8

 

8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.    O-11

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX R

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 R-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports.

 

R-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols

 

R-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. R-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. R-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.

 

R-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. R-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude R-28

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX R

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values R-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. R-3 to

R-19

3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. R-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. R-24

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

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