Report Contents

                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS for 

MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

                             (Updated December 3, 2017)

 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              
Table of Contents iii
List of Illustrations iv
ABSTRACT 1
1. INTRODUCTION
2
   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils 3
     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect 4
     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties 4
     1.1.3. Size and Shape
4
     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime 4
     1.1.5 Wind Speeds. 4
     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions 4
     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds. 4
     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions…  5
   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils 8
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS 9
   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law 11
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues
16
   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used? 19
   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI 20
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES? 26
    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370? 26
     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers. 27
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve? 33
   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking 37
      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization 37
     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins. 38
2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco 43
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS ON MARS
46
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS. 48
   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix –   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter? 49
4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure 49
4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure 49
5. RADIO OCCULTATION? 61
5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.   63
6. SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER
66
7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS
67
   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues 68
   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar 69
   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012) 70
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?
76
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE
80
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS
87
   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) 87
   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) 88
11. MARS PATHFINDER ISSUES
88
12.  THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS
89
   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars? 90
   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure 91
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars
95
     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found 96
     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water 96
     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL 96
    12.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia 101
   12.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars 103
   12.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions. 107
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY
116
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS
119
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems 121
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 127
    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185 127
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences 132
    14.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations 135
       14.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights? 139
   14.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues? 139
      14.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor. 145
      14.6.2 Personnel Issues. 136
      14.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars. 147
      14.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors. 152
    14.7 Temperature, Pressure and Albedo 153
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL
157
15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation. 163
16. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER 166
      16.1 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere 170
17. CONCLUSIONS 171
18. RECOMMENDATIONS 178
19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 180
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? 181
20. REFERENCES
188

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 6
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 7
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 10
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 10
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 12
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 13
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 14
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 15
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 17
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 18
10C Three different Tavis transducers 19
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 20
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 21
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 22
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it.  24
13 Quality control Individuals test. 27
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 28
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 29
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 31
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 32
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 33
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 34
15B Real Mars Sky Color 34
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 39
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 39
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 39
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 39
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 40
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 40
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 40
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 40
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 41
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 41
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 41
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 41
17A REMS Team data confusion 44
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 44
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 45
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 47
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 50
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data.  51
22 Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 52
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 58
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 64
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 65
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 66
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 66
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 69
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 72
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 73
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 74
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 74
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 75
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 77
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 78
35 Dust storm in  Phoenix, Arizona 79
36 Sols 852 to 858 REMS vs. Malin 80
37 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 86
38 VL1 pressure and opacity 87
39 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 88
40 Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 89
41 Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 89
42 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 91
43A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 92
43B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 93
44A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 94
45A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 98
45B Location of RSL on Mars 99
45C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 99
45D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 99
45E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 100
45F Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars 102
46 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 106
47 Gale Crater topographic map 109
48 Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site. 112
49 Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL 115
50 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 116
51 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 117
52 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.   118
53 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 120
54 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 121
55A MSL temperature sensor range 122
55B MSL ground temperature sensor 123
55C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 124
55D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 125
56 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 126
57A The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 128
57B The putative ooids found in the same area as the spheres shown on Figure 57A might be simply smaller versions of the same phenonena.  129
58 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 130
59 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter.   131
60 Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL 132
61 Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3) 132
62 Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL 134
63 While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C. 138
64 Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C. 138
65 MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team. 140
66A Figure 66A –   JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports. More temperature detail is found on Figure 65B. 141
66B  JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL. 142
67 Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en 146 
68 Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion 148
69 The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C. 149
70

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

150 
71 The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure) 151
72 REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar). 152
73 Maximum temperature calculated according to Boltzman’s Law with TES measurements from the equator to -10° latitude (10° South latitude) 153
74 Combining day and night infrared shooting, I have obtained this map in false colors where red spots area areas that tend to warm up more quickly during the day, while green resembles areas that tend to retain more warmth overnight, everything else is shown in blue. 155
75 Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016. 160
76A After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. See Figure 76B for the rest of such changes. 161
76B After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. Figure 76B shows such changes that were not documented on Figure 76A    162
76C Not all changes away from low µv were restored. As of October 12, 2017 no such restoration has made yet for Sol 1006. 163
77 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 164
78 Sunny skies advertised for MSL Sols 82 to 88 were not backed by the MSSS MARCI images 166
79 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere 171
80 The true blue color of Mars 184

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar.  8
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 12
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 24-25
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 36
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 38
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 42
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies                43
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 53
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 54
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 55
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 56
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 61
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 62
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 71
14 Extracts of the MSSS reports that mention cloudy or dusty weather at the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater, Mars, and weather in equatorial regions where Curiosity is found.   81-85
15 Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid) 101
16 Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19 108
17A Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km 110
17B Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km 111
18 Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report 113
19 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 119
20 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 128
21 Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars  136-137
22 MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684  143-144
23 Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values). 157
24 REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 158
25 Predicted and actual times of major events in Schiaparelli EDL 169-170

 

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock. http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-2 toA-59
ANNEX A Appendix 1 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 toA-34
Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGEShttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
 Appendix 4  VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. B-21 to     B-26
Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGEhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F Percent Difference Experimental Summaryhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Resultshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf G-1 to G-13
 ANNEX H Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experimenthttp://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSLhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitudehttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf Q-1 to Q-18
ANNEX R Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf R-1 to R-37
ANNEX S Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf S-1 to S41
ANNEX T Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf T-1 to T-64
ANNEX U Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf U-1 to U-28
ANNEX V Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf V-1 to V-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8 
8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.    O-11

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 U-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports.  U-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols  U-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. U-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. U-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.  U-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. U-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude U-28

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23
2 REMS report for Sol 1575. V-23
3 Figure 3 – The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted V-24
4 Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted V-25
5

Figure 5 – The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26
6 Figure 6 – Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650 V-27

 

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values U-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. U-3 toU-19
3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. U-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. U-24

 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              
ABSTRACT 1
1. INTRODUCTION 2
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS 9
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues
16
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES? 26
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?
33
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS. 46
5. RADIO OCCULTATION 61
7. MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS 67
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR? 75
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS 79
12. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS 82
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars
87
   12.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions. 99
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY
108
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems 113
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 119
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences. 123
      14.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars. 138
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL. 144
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? 162
20. REFERENCES 169

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 5
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 6
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 10
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 10
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 12
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 15
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 15
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 15
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 17
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 18
10C Three different Tavis transducers 19
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 20
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 21
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 22
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it.  23
13 Quality control Individuals test. 26
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 28
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 29
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 31
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 32
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 33
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 34
15B Real Mars Sky Color 34
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 39
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 39
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 39
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 39
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 40
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 40
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 40
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 40
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 41
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 41
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 41
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 41
17A REMS Team data confusion 44
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 44
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 45
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 47
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 50
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data.  51
22 Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 52
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 58
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 64
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 65
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 66
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 66
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 68
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 71
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 72
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 73
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 74
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 76
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 76
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 77
35 Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011. 78
36 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 79
37 VL1 pressure and opacity 79
38 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 80
39A Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 81
39B Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 82
40 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 83
41A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 84
41B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 85
42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 86
43A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 90
43B Location of RSL on Mars 91
43C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 91
43D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 91
43E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 92
43F Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars 94
44 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 98
45 Gale Crater topographic map 101
46 Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site. 104
47 Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL 107
48 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 108
49 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 109
50 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater. 110
51 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 112
52 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 113
53A MSL temperature sensor range 114
53B MSL ground temperature sensor 115
53C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 116
53D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years. 117
54 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 118
55 The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 120
56 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 121
57 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter. 122
58 Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL 123
59 Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3) 123
60 Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL 125
61 While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C. 129
62 Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C. 129
63 MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team. 131
64A Figure 64A –   JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports. More temperature detail is found on Figure 63B. 132
64B  JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL. 133
65 Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en 137
66 Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion 139
67 The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C. 140
68

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

141
69 The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure) 142
70 REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar). 143
71 Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016. 147
72 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 148
68 The true blue color of Mars 165

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar.  8
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 12
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 24-25
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 36
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 38
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 42
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies                43
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 53
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 54
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 55
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 56
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 61
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 62
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 70
14 Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid) 93
15 Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19 100
16A Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km 102
16B Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km 103
17 Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report 105
18 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 111
19 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 120
20 Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars 127-128
21 MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684 134-135
22 Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values). 144
23 REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 145
24 Predicted and actual times of major events in Schiaparelli EDL 151

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock. http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-2 toA-59
ANNEX A Appendix 1 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 toA-34
Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGEShttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
 Appendix 4  VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. B-21 to     B-26
Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGEhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F Percent Difference Experimental Summaryhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Resultshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf G-1 to G-13
 ANNEX H Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experimenthttp://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSLhttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitudehttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf Q-1 to Q-18
ANNEX R Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf R-1 to R-37
ANNEX S Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf S-1 to S41
ANNEX T Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatureshttp://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf T-1 to T-64
ANNEX U Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf U-1 to U-28
ANNEX V Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf V-1 to V-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8 
8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

 

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.    O-11

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 U-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports.  U-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols  U-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. U-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. U-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.  U-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. U-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude U-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23
2 REMS report for Sol 1575. V-23
3 Figure 3 – The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted V-24
4 Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted V-25
5

Figure 5 – The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26
6 Figure 6 – Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650 V-27

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values U-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. U-3 toU-19
3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. U-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. U-24

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT
1. INTRODUCTION
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS
2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS ON’MARS
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS.
5. RADIO OCCULTATION?
6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER
7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS
11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES
12.  THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL
16. CONCLUSIONS
17. RECOMMENDATIONS
18. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make?
20. REFERENCES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

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