Report Contents

                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS for 

MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

                             (Updated May 28, 2018)

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              
Table of Contents………………………………………………………….. iii
List of Illustrations……………………………………………………………………….. iv
ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………… 1
1. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………….. 2
   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils……………..……………………… 3
     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect……… 4
     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties………………….………………  4
     1.1.3. Size and Shape ………………………………………………………………………….. 4
     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime……………………………………………….. 4
     1.1.5 Wind Speeds…………………………………………………………………………….. 4
     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions………………………………………………………… 4
     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds. 4
     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions………………………………………………………………  5
   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils …………………………… 8
2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS…………………. 9
   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law…………………………………………………………. 11
   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues…………………………………………. 16
   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?………………………………………………… 19
   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI 20
2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?……………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370? 26
     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers. 27
    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve? 33
   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking………………………………………………………….. 37
      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization………………………………… 37
     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins. 38
2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco 43
3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS. 46
4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS. 48
   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix –   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?…………………………………………………………… 49
4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure……………………………………………………… 49
4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure………………………………………………………………….. 49
5. RADIO OCCULTATION……………………………………………………………. 62
5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.   64
6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER. 68
7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS……………………………………………………………………… 69
   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues………………………………………………… 70
   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar 72
   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012) 72
8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?……….. 78
9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE………………………………………………………………. 82
10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS 89
   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)…………………………………………………………… 89
   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)……………………………………………  90
11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES 90
12.  THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS……………………………………… 9
   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars? 92
   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure………………….. 93
   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars………….. 97
     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found……………………………………………….. 98
     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water…………………. 98
     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL………………………………………………………… 98
    12.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia 103
   12.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars………………………………………………… 105
   12.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions. 109
13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY 118
14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS 121
    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems 123
    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2 129
    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185 129
    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences. 134
    14.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations……………….. 137
       14.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights? 141
   14.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues? 141
      14.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor. 147
      14.6.2 Personnel Issues. 147
      14.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars. 149
      14.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors. 154
    14.7 Temperature, Pressure and Albedo 155
15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL. 159
15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation. 165
16. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER 169
      16.1 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere 172
17. CONCLUSIONS………………………………………………………………………. 174
18. RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………………………………………………………….. 181
19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………………………… 182
AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? ……………… 183
20. REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Arsia Mons dust devils 3
2 Utah dust devil pressure drop 5
3 Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder 6
4 Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder 7
5A First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up 10
5B Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity 10
6 Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results. 12
7 Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions. 13
8 Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions 14
9A-9C Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2 15
10A Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 17
10B Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 18
10C Three different Tavis transducers 19
11A Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL 20
11B Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers 21
12A Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix 22
12B Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it. 24
13 Quality control Individuals test. 27
14A MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure 28
14B MSL pressure sols 369-371 29
14C The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14D Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data 30
14E REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161. 31
14F REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301. 32
14G REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve. 33
15A MSL REMS Block Diagram 34
15B Real Mars Sky Color 34
16A VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116. 39
16B VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199. 39
16C VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. 39
16D VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 39
16E VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 40
16F VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 40
16G VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 40
16H VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. 40
16I VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. 41
16J VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290. 41
16K VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305. 41
16L VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 41
17A REMS Team data confusion 44
17B Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts 44
18A-D Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures 45
19 Caves on Arsia Mons 47
20 Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons 47
21A 1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published 50
21B Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data. 51
22A Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team 52
22B REMS plays games with the minimum pressure so far for MSL Year 3 on Sol 2002. 55
23 Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols. 59
24 Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated 66
25 MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes 67
26A Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures 68
26B Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site 68
27 Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind 71
28 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350 74
29 Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399 75
30 Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm 76
31 Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2. 77
32 Reconstructed density for Spirit landing 79
33 Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry 79
34 Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry 80
35 Dust storm in  Phoenix, Arizona 81
36 Sols 852 to 858 REMS vs. Malin 82
37 Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235. 88
38 VL1 pressure and opacity 89
39 Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km 90
40 Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder 91
41 Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10 91
42 History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure 93
43A Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) 94
43B Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater. 95
44A-I plus Plates 5 and 6 The Color of the Martian Sky 96
45A Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) 100
45B Location of RSL on Mars 101
45C Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma 101
45D Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma 101
45E Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars 102
45F Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars 104
46 Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder 108
47 Gale Crater topographic map 111
48 Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site. 114
49 Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL 117
50 Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports 118
51 Relative humidity claims for Gale crater 119
52 Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.   120
53 The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing 122
54 Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures 123
55A MSL temperature sensor range 124
55B MSL ground temperature sensor 125
55C Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years. 126
55D Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years. 127
56 Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height) 128
57A The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life. 130
57B The putative ooids found in the same area as the spheres shown on Figure 57A might be simply smaller versions of the same phenonena. 131
58 Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site. 132
59 Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter. 133
60 Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL 134
61 Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3) 134
62 Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL 136
63 While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C. 140
64 Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C. 140
65 MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team. 142
66A Figure 66A –   JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports. More temperature detail is found on Figure 65B. 143
66B  JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL. 144
67 Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.

It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en.

  148
68 Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion 150
69 The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C. 151
70

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

  152
71 The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure) 153
72 REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar). 154
73 Maximum temperature calculated according to Boltzman’s Law with TES measurements from the equator to -10° latitude (10° South latitude) 155
74 Combining day and night infrared shooting, I have obtained this map in false colors where red spots area areas that tend to warm up more quickly during the day, while green resembles areas that tend to retain more warmth overnight, everything else is shown in blue. 157
75 Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016. 162
76A After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. See Figure 76B for the rest of such changes. 163
76B After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. Figure 76B shows such changes that were not documented on Figure 76A 164
76C Not all changes away from low µv were restored. As of October 12, 2017 no such restoration has made yet for Sol 1006. 165
77 Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun. 166
78 Sunny skies advertised for MSL Sols 82 to 88 were not backed by the MSSS MARCI images 168
79 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere 173
80 The true blue color of Mars 186

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar. 8
2 Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions. 12
3 Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them 24-25
4A Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL 36
4B Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars 38
5 Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 42
6 Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies 43
7 Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL 53
8 Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude 54
9 Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 57
10 Variations in day length at Ls 70 South 58
11 Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations 62
12 Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. 63
13 Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars 73
14 Extracts of the MSSS reports that mention cloudy or dusty weather at the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater, Mars, and weather in equatorial regions where Curiosity is found.  83-87
15 Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid) 103
16 Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19 110
17A Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km 112
17B Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km 113
18 Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report 115
19 MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013 121
20 Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2 130
21 Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars 138-139
22 MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684 145-146
23 Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values). 159
24 REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped. 160
25 Predicted and actual times of major events in Schiaparelli EDL 171-172

 

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

SECTION TOPIC PAGE
Annex Abstract Overview of data in the Annexes A-1
ANNEX A VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-3 to A-22
Appendix 2 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199. A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219. A-35 to A-38
Appendix 4 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304 A-39 to    A-50
Appendix 5 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334 A-51 to    A-55
Appendix 6 VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350 A-56 to    A-59
ANNEX B VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39
Appendix 1 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175 B-2 to B-5
Appendix 2 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199. B-6 to B-10
Appendix 3 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260. B-11 to     B-20
 

Appendix 4

 

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

B-21 to     B-26
Appendix 5 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305. B-27 to     B-30
Appendix 6 VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361 B-31 to     B-39
ANNEX C VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54
ANNEX D PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

D-1 to D-171
Appendix 1 Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199 D-3 to D-94
Appendix 2 Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350 D-95 to    D-171
ANNEX E Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf E-1 to E-14
ANNEX F Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18
Appendix 1 Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350 F-5 to F-16
Appendix 2 Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins F-17 to     F-18
ANNEX G Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13
 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43
ANNEX I Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28
Appendix 1 Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports I-12 to I-28
ANNEX J Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19
ANNEX K REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34
ANNEX L How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitude

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf

L-1 to L-10
ANNEX M One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf M-1 to M-38
ANNEX N Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf N-1 to N-13
ANNEX O Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf O-1 to O-11
ANNEX P Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf P-1 to P-15
ANNEX Q Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf Q-1 to Q-18
ANNEX R Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf

R-1 to R-37
ANNEX S Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf

S-1 to S41
ANNEX T Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf

T-1 to T-64
ANNEX U Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf

U-1 to U-28
ANNEX V Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf

V-1 to V-28
ANNEX W Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Fall, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,687 to 1,881

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20W.pdf

 

W -1 to W-24

 

 

ANNEX X Weather Reports for MSL Year 3-4 Winter, Ls 90 to 180 (Sols 1,881to 2060

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20X.pdf

X-1 to X-31

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Martian Time-Bin Clock A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Prediction success totals per time-bin. F-1
2 % Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers G-1
2 Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011 G-2
3 NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests) G-3
4 Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor G-4
5 Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman G-6
6 Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484 G-7
7 Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8) G-8

 

8 P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings. G-9
9 Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers. G-9
10 Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8) G-10
11 Tavis Transducer purchasing information G-11
12 Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment G-13

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

FIGURE TOPIC PAGE
1 Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13 I-1
2 MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5 I-1
3A REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013. I-2
3B REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013. I-3
4 REMS Weather Booms on MSL I-5
5 Close up of MSL Weather Booms I-5
6a to 6d Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL I-8
7 Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10 I-9
8 MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9 I-10
6 REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1 Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months. J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1 Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team. L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1 Pressure changes reported for Sol 370. M-7
2 Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30 M-38
3 Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes? M-40
4 Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity M-41
5 VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves M-43

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1 MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL N-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1 MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer O-1
2 MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems O-9
3 MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems O-10
4 Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data. O-11

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1 JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted P-12
2 MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems P-13
3 MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor P-14

 

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1 Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2. S-1
2 REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241. S-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016 U-2
2A The color for UV used on REMS reports.

 

U-20
2B Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols

 

U-20
3A to 3F Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars. U-23
4 Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise. U-24
5 Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.

 

U-26
6 Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values. U-27
7 UV, Latitude and Altitude U-28

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23
2 REMS report for Sol 1575. V-23
3 Figure 3 – The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted V-24
4 Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted V-25
5

Figure 5 – The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26
6 Figure 6 – Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650 V-27

 

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1 Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2 S-2
2 High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1 UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values U-1
2 Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years. U-3 to

U-19

3 The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded. U-21
4 15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data. U-24

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX X

1 Original and revised REMS data for MSL Sols 1998 to 2002. X-29
2 Altitudes around minimum pressure for MSL Year 3 X-30
3 Sol 2043 revised UV X-31

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